On September 2019, 16-17, the annual meeting of Weaving Machinery Association of China Textile Machinery Association was held in Qingdao, Shandong. Nearly 100 representatives of weaving equipment enterprises and industry experts attended the meeting. Leaders of the China Textile Machinery Association, Gu Ping, Secretary of the Party branch Xu Lin, Zhu Changjiang, Secretary of the Party committee of Wang Tai town of the West Coast new area of Qingdao, Li Xueqing, deputy chief engineer Li Xueqing of China Textile Machinery Association, and other industrial and regional government leaders attended the meeting.
Wang Anjian, chairman of Qingdao Hai Jia Machinery Co., Ltd., as the executive chairman of the 2018 weaving machinery branch, welcomed the arrival of leaders, experts and business representatives at the conference. Wang Anjian said that the construction of the China Textile Machinery Association and the weaving machinery branch platform played an important role in strengthening the communication and communication between industry and enterprises, and promoted the development and progress of the industry and enterprises.
At the meeting, Li Xueqing made a special report on the current development of weaving machinery industry. It is reported that since 2018, domestic looms have been guided by demand, and the equipment performance and product applicability and product quality have been continuously improved. Overall, the equipment is characterized by high speed, high efficiency and low consumption. At the same time, enterprises focus on automation and intellectualization in product development, which promotes production efficiency and product quality.
Regarding the work related to the construction of the industry innovation system, she introduced the situation of the textile machinery industry's declaration of the science and technology guidance project in 2018 and 2019, and the appraisal of the scientific and technological achievements completed by the end of 2018, the award of the industry science and technology award, the situation of the enterprises being patented in 2018, the weaving research and development center of the China Textile Machinery Association, and the standardization of the textile machinery. It is reported that in 2018, 4 projects including GA316 sizing machine and CA182 air-jet loom were reported by Zhengfang spinning machine, Changling spinning and weaving, Zhongyuan University of Technology and Wuhan Textile University. In 2019, the project involved 4 items of G1739 rapier loom, electromagnetic / gas composite weft insertion technology and so on. In 2018, 45 key weaving machinery enterprises received 204 patents, of which 50 were inventions.
In his speech, Li Xueqing introduced the weaving equipment exhibited by ITMA2019. There are 182 enterprises in the ITMA2019 exhibition weaving machinery, and many representative enterprises in China have participated in the exhibition. As a focal point of communication, she made detailed introduction and analysis of the products of the weaving equipment products, including Van Dwyer, Shi Tao Bill, IDA, Dornier, will, Smit, Tsuda Ko and TOYOTA.
How can downstream enterprises promote their efficient operation? What measures and needs do they have in weaving process?
At the meeting, Cao Wuhu, the chief engineer of Lu Tai textile Limited by Share Ltd, was invited to attend the meeting and shared information. According to the introduction, as the world's largest producer of high-grade yarn dyed fabrics, Lu Tai has formed a whole industry chain operation mode from cotton breeding, planting to spinning, dyeing and dyeing, weaving, finishing, garment making and double line brand marketing. Around the main production link of the yarn dyed weaving production system, quasi weaving process, Cao Wuhu shared the management and technological innovation of Ru quasi weaving equipment. In the aspect of quasi weaving equipment management, he mainly introduced the management and control process and control measures of the quasi weaving equipment, as well as the EAM equipment management information system. The technical innovation of quasi weaving equipment, Cao Wuhu's automatic measuring system for slurry viscosity developed by Lu Tai Loom factory, automatic sizing system, automatic splitting and wearing system, automatic washing machine, AGV automatic transport system, broken through section display device, balancing vehicle, modular hanging system, APR automatic weft extraction system, and quasi weaving online control system were introduced. He also said that around the current weaving enterprises generally faced with how to make warping, sizing, and automatic weaving, reaming and automatic operation of automatic weaving machine automation problems after finishing, enterprises will continue to make new explorations, focusing on the integration of intelligent manufacturing and two technologies, and continuously develop intelligent automation equipment suitable for enterprises, and use advanced technology to create digital and intelligent chemical plants to enhance the core competitiveness of enterprises.
For looms, where are the current technological frontiers? Which field contains more opportunities?
Jiang Xiuming, a professor at Tianjin University of Technology, guided the theme exchange of loom's innovative design and industrial application to guide industry enterprises to seek future market opportunities from a new perspective.
Speaking of advanced weaving technology at home and abroad, he introduced the characteristics of advanced manufacturing technology and the problems of domestic weaving technology. He said that the homogeneity of domestic equipment is serious, lacking of original technology and core competitiveness, and the basic research is weak, so the industry enterprises should attach importance to it. In terms of weaving technology innovation design, he introduced the dynamics of precision woven fabric formation, the evolution of the rapier weft insertion mechanism and the innovative design, and the cam mechanism design oriented to loom serialization, so as to broaden the train of thought for the technological innovation of enterprises. As an important direction of China's textile industry's structural adjustment, the prospects for the future development of industrial textiles are promising. Around this hot product technology, Jiang Xiuming introduced and analyzed the application of industrial looms and industrial textiles. In his speech, he not only introduced the loom situation of flat fabric, three-dimensional fabric, metal wire mesh, synthetic material and other fields, but also analyzed the representative equipment technology in various fields. Through this exchange, I believe that many enterprises will have a renewed understanding of sustained technological innovation and market expansion.
The trade situation between China and the United States is the focus of attention both inside and outside the industry. Many enterprises are not clear about the current situation. At the meeting, Liu Yaozhong, deputy director of the International Trade Office of the China Federation of textile industry, exchanged information on the evolution of Sino US trade war and its impact on the industry. In his speech, he started with the current "great changes in the past hundred years", and analyzed the changes in the current global political and economic strength, the change of business driven by data driven by the revolution of science and technology, the impact of digitalization on people, organizations, industries and even the country, as well as the rise of China in the fields of economy, science and technology, and military affairs. Liu Yaozhong said these are the important background of Sino US trade friction.
In the light of the evolution of Sino US trade war, combing tariffs on the United States and China, measures against China, the time course of expanding tariffs, and the 12 round of economic and trade consultations, show how trade wars increased from 50 billion to 200 billion US dollars to 300 billion US dollars in more than a year. The analysis also shows the evolution of China from shock to stability in the process of trade war. With these analyses, we present a clearer picture of the evolution of Sino US trade war.
What is the impact on the industry? In his speech, Liu Yaozhong reflected the basic situation of Sino US trade through two data. One is the proportion of the US market in China's textile and clothing exports: 18%, the other is the proportion of total imports of textiles and clothing from China to the total import volume of the United States: 38.1%, and two figures show the importance of the US market to China. In addition, he analyzed the tariff list of the United States. In this analysis, people can have a clearer understanding of the impact of Sino US trade war on China's textile industry, including trade, employment, investment and industrial chain. Although trade wars have a huge impact on the state, Liu Yaozhong also said that the analysis of Sino US trade war can enable industry enterprises to respond more rationally, and make targeted plans for enterprises, do their own things well, give full play to their advantages and actively respond to challenges.
This conference is located at the West Coast new area of Qingdao. It is the location of Wang Tai town, a famous textile machinery Town in China. After decades of development, the town already has a strong base and capability for weaving machinery. Now, how will Wang Tai town take advantage of regional development to promote its own industrial construction? What new layout will the traditional advantageous industries take? At the meeting, Zhu Changjiang introduced the overall situation of Wang Tai town and the situation of the regional textile machinery industry.
As one of the largest shuttleless loom production bases in China, Wang Tai town has now formed a more complete textile manufacturing industry chain including pre spinning, carding, carding, weaving, printing and dyeing equipment. At present, the town's carding machine accounts for 3/4 of the total sales volume of the country, and the water loom accounts for 1/2 of the total sales volume of the country. In 2018, Wang Tai town completed its fiscal revenue of 390 million yuan, an increase of 22% over the same period last year. Its industrial output value was 3 billion 280 million yuan, and the total import and export volume was 200 million dollars. In the first half of 2019, we completed 130 million yuan in fixed assets investment, accounting for 2 billion 160 million yuan of industrial output value and 110 million yuan of imports and exports, and the number of enterprises increased to 52.
It is reported that the Qingdao West Coast new area has 10 functional zones, namely Qingdao Qian WAN port free trade zone and international economic cooperation zone, and Qingdao economic and Technological Development Zone is one of them. In August 2018, the new industrial development committee made the decision of the Qingdao economic and Technological Development Zone to enter the Wang Taixin kinetic energy industrial base. According to the general regulations of Wang Tai town (2018 - 2035), the planned area of the town will reach 59 square kilometers, with a planned population of 180 thousand. It will aim to build the sub center of the new North, and focus on the construction of the new industrial base of 12 square kilometers. The region has established four development goals, including the national new and old energy conversion experimental demonstration base, the international economic cooperation demonstration base, the international marine science and technology new town, the international free trade key radiation area, and the enhancement of the regional communication function, service function, production function and innovation function construction, and the textile machinery industry will become the focal point of the area's production function promotion.
What kind of development environment do the industry enterprises face?
At the meeting, Liao Liang, deputy director of the Textile Machinery Association's two industry, briefly analyzed the economic operation of the textile industry and the textile machinery industry, and introduced the international textile machinery exhibition organized by the Textile Machinery Association.
It is reported that in the first half of 2019, the added value of the textile industry was increased by 3.6% compared to the same period last year, and the business income increased by 3.18% compared with the same period last year, and the total profit decreased by 4.04% compared with the same period last year. The export of textile and clothing decreased by 2.03% compared with the same period last year, and the fixed assets investment decreased by 1.3% compared with the same period last year. Over the same period, 7545149 tons of cotton yarn were produced in China, down 29% from the same period last year. A total of 2870749 tons of cotton blended yarn were produced, down 4.3% from the same period last year. The total production of chemical fiber yarn was 3014428 tons, down 3% from the same period last year. In the same period, the total production of cloth was 22 billion 800 million meters, down 15% compared with the same period last year. The total production of printing and dyeing cloth was 23 billion 900 million meters, an increase of 6.1% over the same period last year. Cotton cloth 10 billion 700 million meters, down 28% compared to the same period, cotton blended fabric production 6 billion 500 million meters, an increase of 3.6% over the same period last year. Dyed fabrics (including DENIM) produced 900 million meters, down 15.7% compared with the same period last year, and the production of chemical fiber short fiber cloth was 5 billion 600 million meters, an increase of 1.9% over the same period last year. In the first half of this year, a total of 4 billion 900 million woven garments were produced in China, down 11.5% from the same period last year, and 5 billion 500 million knitted garments were produced, an increase of 0.7% over the same period last year.
For the performance analysis of the industry in the first half of the year, Liao Liang indicated that the reason for this is that the global economy is weakening, lack of confidence, risk aversion is strong, consumption will be reduced, and retail industry growth is weak.
As an important task of the China Textile Machinery Association, tracking the market changes and promoting the efficient docking of the Chinese textile machinery industry to the demand market, the textile machinery association has been continuously promoting the Chinese textile machinery enterprises to go abroad, and docking overseas markets through overseas exhibitions and visits.
In his speech, Liao Liang also made a brief analysis of the industrial development in Burma, Vietnam and India. It is reported that with the continuous development of the "Sino Burmese economic corridor", Burma's strategic position of "one belt and one road" has been promoted again. Garment export has become the second largest export item in the country, mainly exported to Japan, the European Union, South Korea, the United States and China. In 2017, the European Union overtook Japan as the first place with 47% purchases. Exports amounted to $3 billion 200 million in 2018, ten times that of the country in 2014, and 2019 is expected to exceed $3 billion 500 million. The country hopes to become another hot spot for textile investment in the future.
Vietnam is also an export market which is concerned by the industry. Textile and garment industry is one of the important pillar industries in Vietnam. At present, the textile industry chain of the country is relatively complete, and its investment policy is more favorable. In addition, its infrastructure is relatively perfect, labor and skilled workers are abundant, and cotton imports are independent of taxes. With the implementation of CPTPP, the country has a better trading environment and has become an important area attracting overseas investment. India's textile industry ranks second in the world, with a population of 45 million, and its spinning scale is about 55 million spindles. At present, the average annual production capacity of the country's spinning production is 200-250 yuan.
In the face of these promising markets, many textile machinery enterprises have focused on this. The China Textile Machinery Association is also promoting the Chinese textile machinery enterprises to go out in a planned way through the integration of overseas resources. In 2019, Chinese enterprises have been involved in several overseas exhibitions. In the coming months, they will also lead Chinese enterprises to participate in the Burma international textile and garment machinery exhibition held on November 1-4, the Vietnam International Textile and garment machinery exhibition held on 20-23 2019, the India International Textile Machinery Exhibition held on December 5-8, the Bangladesh international textile and Garment Machinery Exhibition on February 2020 20-23 and the Indonesian international textile and Garment Machinery Exhibition on April 27-30. The 2020 China International Textile Machinery Exhibition and ITMA Asia exhibition will also be held in Shanghai (Hongqiao) National Convention and Exhibition Center on 15-19 October. The exhibition will be launched in June 28, 2019 and will be signed in February 28, 2020.
Xu Lin briefly introduced the operation of the industry at the meeting, analyzed and judged the current situation, and put forward suggestions for the textile machinery industry to deal with the current situation.
It is reported that in the first half of this year, gross domestic product increased by 6.3% over the same period last year, and continued to grow at medium speed. In the 1-6 month, the income of textile industry increased by 3.18% compared with the same period last year, and the total realized profit was 103 billion 159 million yuan, a decrease of 4.04% compared with the same period last year, and an export of 124 billion 231 million US dollars, a decrease of 2.37% compared with the same period last year. The overall performance is slow growth at home, exports continue to decline, and textile is even more difficult. In the same period, the main business income of the textile machinery industry was 45 billion 971 million yuan, a decrease of 0.79% compared with the same period last year, with a total profit of 3 billion 205 million yuan, an increase of 0.46% compared with the same period last year, and export of textile machinery 1 billion 898 million US dollars, an increase of 1.13% compared with the same period last year.
On the analysis of the situation of the industry, Xu Lin said that the current industry performance is not simply caused by Sino US trade friction, but also the result of the market itself. The rapid growth of the industry in the past is our share from other countries, because in the past 40 years, the demand for global textile and clothing has been maintained at about 3% growth. Now, capacity is flowing to low cost areas.
How to cope with textile machinery? Xu Lin said, on the one hand, from the product structure, the current textile machinery products are greatly affected by the downstream industries such as cotton spinning, chemical fiber, knitting, printing and dyeing. We have been keeping a close eye on these industries. However, there are also needs for upgrading, automation and intellectualization in such industries as linen, silk and woolen spinning. Second, enterprises should pay attention to their own promotion, and the intelligent production state that European enterprises see is shocking. Our spinning machinery enterprises should also enhance their intellectual ability while doing intelligent products. Third, the spirit of concentration. Many European enterprises are worth learning. They attach great importance to product quality and innovation. They can concentrate on one product to the best and become a world brand and a centennial enterprise.
He suggested that enterprises should increase communication and turn enemies into friends. Enterprises should actively explore differentiated development paths, while strengthening independent innovation and intellectual property protection.
Liu Ming, general manager of Suzhou Industrial Park, said in the exchange that the current market situation has different perspectives. There are political and economic aspects, as well as exports and domestic demand. Some people even feel that they can't see the bottom and increase their space. Faced with this kind of moral situation, Liu Ming believed that we should trace back to the source and return to our original mind. As textile machinery industry, we should pay attention to several points: first, the basic theory of economy. Because we can't get rid of it. All sectors of the stock cycle are discussed. For the industry, Liu Ming feels that there are four stages: warming up, rising, falling and bottoming out. From the micro view of the textile machine, it seems to be near the end of the fall, almost touching the bottom. For enterprises, the analysis of inventory cycle will be very valuable. Second, clothing, food and shelter. In any case, we choose the important field of human needs. At present, the domestic market has changed greatly over the past 20 years. China's own cake, the consumption ability of the middle class, and the consumption concept of the younger generation all reflect the potential of domestic demand growth. Third, when the low point is not clear, what the enterprise should do is to do its job well, including maintaining stable cash flow, practicing internal strength and so on.
Zhang Guodong, deputy general manager of Titan textile machinery, believes that the first thing that textile machinery enterprises should do is to innovate, and the key is technological innovation. Titan has been making textile machinery for decades, including his own decades of experience in the industry. It is difficult to make equipment and make equipment more difficult. It is necessary to integrate all aspects of technology. However, for an enterprise, in fact, it is difficult to reserve all the technical personnel in all fields. At the same time, the comprehensive talents are also scarce. Therefore, the promotion of innovation will be restricted by the talent problem. But obviously, the innovation of equipment enterprises can not keep up with the demand, so it is difficult to do well. Secondly, enterprises should act in a long-term objective, without brands. Market is difficult to control, but brand and quality are controllable. This is what enterprises can do voluntarily. At the same time, we need to weigh the relationship between brand and quality and cost.
Li Zijun, general manager of Shandong, said that he also strongly agreed with Liu Jiong Liu's view of the economic cycle. He thought that the current industry performance was on the one hand the adjustment of the layout of the international market, on the other hand, the role played by the economic cycle, and in addition, it had great relations with the international economic situation. He is optimistic about the future development of the industry.
From the overall operation situation of Shandong in the month of 1-8, orders fell in July alone, while other months were stable or slightly increased. The performance of the four looms was different, reflecting the demand changes in the downstream market. In the face of complex market conditions, enterprises have intensified their innovation efforts. For example, the application of energy saving motor has expanded from the previous towels and rapier to the water jet and air-jet looms. Currently, it is market-oriented and has good market feedback in energy saving and consumption reduction, and has been recognized by customers.
In recent years, the intelligent weaving workshop project has basically completed the development of four core technologies, including automatic upper and lower axle AGV car, automatic cloth feeding and intelligent logistics scheduling system. In the future, it will be integrated, constantly experimenting and improving, and will cooperate with user factories to carry out the promotion of mature projects in the future. In the future, enterprises will continue to invest more in R & D, hoping to develop new products and enhance their innovative capabilities through in-depth cooperation in industry research.
Wang Zihao, deputy general manager of Zheng textile machinery, said that this year's market performance of Zheng spinning machine sizing products is quite the same as that of last year, but the region has changed. Shandong and Zhejiang have declined, Xinjiang has increased, exports are basically flat, export areas are central Asia and Southeast Asia, India and Pakistan are few, and market development is insufficient.
As for the domestic situation, he said that the downstream enterprises should pay attention to the upgrading, efficiency and quality. It is reported that in recent years, Zheng textile machinery has increased the independent research and development efforts of the sizing machine, including the cooperation with the user enterprises such as Yida and so on for equipment upgrading. On the one hand, environmental protection and energy saving. The size of the sizing machine is very large at present, including the market space for the transformation of old equipment; second, automation. It includes a continuous line with the front and back road to reduce labor, and other systems, such as slurry mixing system, are all being pushed forward, but it will take some time to integrate. Judging from the current input to output ratio, it may not be economical, but the textile machinery enterprises must advance the innovation ahead of time, and stick to the best chance to seize the opportunity. Third, how to go out. At present, Southeast Asia and Central Asia are very hot, and the export situation is relatively good. However, many European equipment applications such as India and Pakistan are still poor, and enterprises need to keep up with the initiative of the whole country. He hopes that in the future, industry and enterprises can work together to expand overseas markets.
Gao Tao Bill, manager of textile machinery division of Hangzhou (Hangzhou), said that this year's decrease was 30% lower than that of last year, and it also decreased when contacted with European companies. Besides the Chinese market, the traditional India, Pakistan and Turkey are also dropping. Dai Rongbing worked for more than 20 years in Stowe Bill. He had seen the ups and downs of the market. He felt that everyone needed patience at this time. There were always opportunities. What we should do is to do well for ourselves and wait for opportunities to come and grasp opportunities.
Song Yijia, chairman of Song Hesong, has just taken over the company and is familiar with the company's situation. According to reports, in July 2019, the company felt the market decline, and August began to warm up. In the coming months or even the whole year, the company may be flat or slightly increased compared with the previous year. At present, the enterprise has maintained a good development state under the system of the father's construction. In the future, it will continue to grasp the details and practice the internal strength.
Liu Peide, chairman of Qingdao Tianyi red flag, said that the overall situation of the industry is not only the textile machinery. The development of Tianyi red flag is the same as that of the mainstream. For the market situation, Liu Peide felt that the bad market will also have good enterprises, and the good market will also have bad enterprises. The key is how to cope with the problem.
In Liu Peide's opinion, each enterprise has its own characteristics and different situations. But in the face of difficulties, as Chairman Mao said, we should see hope and light. He also hopes that the industry can work together to make more contributions to the development of the industry. With the current market situation is not good, the vicious competition in the industry has increased, this situation is not good for downstream industries and enterprises, because low prices allow some enterprises that are unable to and should not buy the project, thereby increasing their capacity and overcapacity. In the process of visiting the market, we saw some enterprises stop production in some areas. He hoped that we could see that we should seriously consider this in order to achieve better development of the industry.
During the concluding speech of the general assembly, Gu Ping exchanged views on the construction, market situation and association work of the association.
Gu Ping said that the association currently has five business units, and has established spin spinning machinery, weaving machinery, printing and dyeing machinery and other sub chapters, weaving machinery branch played a good example role in the construction of the public branch, including the promotion of self-discipline initiative, played a very good role in the healthy development of the industry. Judging from the exchange of entrepreneurs, the atmosphere is very good.
Turning to the market situation, Gu Ping said that according to the statistics of the International Federation of spinning mills, the delivery volume of Chinese looms has reached 650 thousand units, which accounts for a large proportion of the total delivery volume of 1 million units worldwide. China's shuttleless looms are very large. Last year, domestic production accounted for 2/3 of the world's total. Among them, the largest proportion of water spray, the least rapier and the proportion of jet accounted for about 50%. According to the structure of weaving equipment, the proportion of the industry still needs to be adjusted continuously.
Referring to the Sino US trade war, he said that it involves a wide range. China and the United States have accounted for 40% of the world's GDP. The trade friction has brought about the impact on the global economy. The most important thing is the impact on the industrial chain, and the shortage of suppliers and customers. But from a good point of view, the global consumer confidence index is still good, but the overall situation may still be down.
In response to the information, technology and market work of the association, Gu Ping also communicated with representatives at the meeting. He said that the current data of some statistical channels are different from that of the industry itself. In order to better carry out industry information statistics, service industries and enterprise development, the association will further improve the direct reporting system and conduct statistics of sampling data in the industry, providing support for the formulation of the "14th Five-Year plan", which requires the cooperation and support of enterprises. In terms of science and technology, the intelligent manufacturing and transformation of textile machinery enterprises are continuing to push forward. Meanwhile, the innovation of textile machinery products needs to be continuously strengthened, and a little difference in many products needs us to make up for it. In addition, while pushing new products, enterprises should synchronously promote the establishment of industry standards and international standards.
At the end of the speech, Gu Ping said that the association is a platform for service industries and enterprises. Any needs of enterprises can be reflected, and work together to improve the association's work together for the development of the industry.
During the meeting, he visited Qingdao Hai Jia. As one of the benchmarking enterprises in the domestic weaving machinery industry, Qingdao Hai Jia not only has created its own brand characteristics in the industry, but also has achieved a good market share of products. Similarly, in the process of manufacturing and enterprise management, the enterprise can also serve as an example for the industry. At this meeting, many representatives of enterprises are looking forward to a deeper understanding of Hai Jia's production mode and management ideas.