With the advent of the lunar new year, most textile and garment factories have opened the "winter vacation" mode. Migrant workers have been returning to their homes and enjoying a rare reunion time with their families. For this year's textile bosses, this year's market environment is not good, profits in the past can not be very good guarantee, in the future, I am afraid there will be workers on this holiday, "gone forever"!
Therefore, in the 3-4 month after the Spring Festival every year, the market will usher in the peak season of recruitment. The mobility of the workers in the textile industry is very high, which is a headache for many factory owners every year after the start of the year.
As a representative area of China's garment manufacturing industry, Guangzhou experiences a "recruitment difficulty" every year. Every year after the start of the year, we will find the recruitment cards of the "street workers, electric scissors, tailors and tail". The streets are also full of garment workers. In order to recruit people as soon as possible, many factories have drawn the word "monthly salary of 8 thousand, monthly income of over 10000" to attract workers. However, even the high salary call, people who come to apply for jobs are also sparse.
In recent years, more and more employers have chosen to run factories in the field because of various negative and advantageous factors. Recently, Xiao Bian saw a video. A friend who moved away from Guangzhou to run a factory in Jiangxi made no money in Guangzhou, but earned money in Jiangxi.
According to Xiao Chen, the biggest difference between running a factory in Jiangxi and Guangzhou is that the workers are relatively stable. After entering the factory, they generally do not change factories at will. Therefore, the scale of factories in Jiangxi is relatively large, and enterprises generally do not have the problem of "recruitment difficulty". Therefore, the artificial pressure is much smaller than that of the already mature clusters.
In recent years, the cost of textile and garment factories is rising, especially the labor cost, which has increased by more than 10% per year. As a labor-intensive industry, it is very sensitive to labor costs.
It is understood that this year's domestic sales and foreign trade environment is not good, terminal clothing enterprises hoarding goods and orders are not as good as in previous years, resulting in some garment factories returned orders just pay wages, a Guangzhou factory owner of clothing said: "in previous years, some of the funds will be ready for thousands of products, this year, up to 50-60 pieces, the good reproduction point will not be sold in large quantities, because this year. Order profit is too low.
In fact, this is just a microcosm of the textile and clothing environment. In recent years, with the shrinking of terminal demand and fierce competition in the market homogenization, manufacturers have entered the era of small profits or even no profits. In addition, the contradictions behind recruitment difficulties are intensifying. Once the cost of labor increases, it is undoubtedly "adding insult to injury" for enterprises.
This year, we earn enough to support workers!
How to describe the past 2019? Most textile bosses will say, "it's too hard!"
Since the beginning of 2017, the whole textile market has opened up the environmental protection trend. From upstream raw materials to the terminal garment industry, there has been a storm of regulation, and backward production capacity has been eliminated, and the capacity in the market has been retreated. The Midwest and inland areas have become the shifting positions of most textile bosses. For a while, the whole market is "bustling". It laid a foreshadowing for overcapacity in 2019.
Because of this, low price competition in the market, poor performance of the market, difficulty in overcoming the overcapacity of the industrial chain, and the profits of the manufacturers themselves are getting lower and lower. Compared with the same period last year, the profits were directly removed.
Chen Zong, in Wujiang, said: "now all costs are rising, rent, water and electricity, safety supervision, workers' demand for wages is high, and the wages of a worker in the factory will be nearly 10000 yuan, so every moonlit salary must be hundreds of thousands of dollars, but the price of customers in this order is very low, and now some orders can earn 2 yuan / M profit, and some are at a loss. So one year, I feel that I can only feed workers and their daily expenses.
This is not just the weaving factory, but also the garment factory. The boss of a garment factory cried out: "a clothing customer pays 10 yuan for processing fees, and the workers' wages will be paid 6 yuan. All the workers who are recruited by the garment factories are all managed to eat and control. The rent is rising every year, and the rent, water and electricity are paid. We really can't make money."
A market person said that in the past five years, the cost of garment processing materials has increased by about 10%, but the increase in labor costs has reached 35%. In terms of business, it has virtually increased business pressure.
The employment problem will be eased this year.
At the beginning of last year, many textile bosses were worried about recruitment.
On the one hand, the production of water is relocated and many workers are returning to the tide.
Factories in Anhui, Jiangxi and Northern Jiangsu have been built up. Many migrant workers will choose to work locally and reunite with their families. After all, in these emerging clusters, textile professionals are more nervous, so wages are not less than before.
On the other hand, workers return home early to return to work late, and orders are thrown into problems.
Because of the 18 years of market opening in 2019, manufacturers have more or less work at hand. Before they started to work in factories, they started to work again. But now workers resume work time is getting late, factory normal start time is also postponed. Now, the eighth day is the time for workers to report. Normal production usually reaches about fifteen of the first month, and labor shortage is causing many factories to raise workers' wages in order to get ahead of normal production ahead of schedule.
However, this year's investigation and investigation will lead to this improvement. Many textile owners say that the market is not good this year. Many of the owners of the peripheral factories have withdrawn from the market, and some local manufacturers in Jiangsu and Zhejiang have encountered demolition. Therefore, the workers entering the market will be better than the same period last year, and the employment problem is relatively relaxed. "Workers' wages will not rise this year, because the market is not good, and the workers will be stable. There are not many workers who resigned this year, so the employment problem should be small."
It can be seen that industry employment in 2019 is much more difficult, and the situation of labor shortage before or after the Spring Festival in 2020 will be eased. No matter where the market goes in 2020, I hope that your boss will defend himself. After all, the story... Still on!