Pan Helin (executive dean of Digital Economics Research Institute, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law)
The Spring Festival of 2020 is the most special spring festival for all Chinese people. When we are about to welcome the Spring Festival and jubilant joy, the outbreak of pneumonia caused by the new coronavirus suddenly broke out. Zuo Chuanyan: be prepared for danger and prepare for danger. We must say that we also need to improve in emergency response.
Fortunately, however, governments and people in various regions quickly realized the seriousness of the problem and took effective measures to prevent and control the epidemic. But in the face of the current situation, we should not be blindly optimistic. Some medical staff are overloaded, patient inquiring and diagnosis, and the shortage of important medical supplies such as masks, goggles and so on. There are still some challenges. How to fight the epidemic blocking war may depend more on the strength of science and technology.
Pan and Lin. Data map
In fact, in the process of prevention and control of epidemic situation, we saw too many shadow of technology. The most familiar thing is the epidemic traceability. The nearest people's daily public number often has an urgent diffusion, looking for a train and a flight companion. This is the role of big data. In a special period, every diagnosed patient's travel records need to be traced back in the past few months, and then the relevant departments are accurately positioned, isolated and controlled more effectively. Tracing not only plays an important role in finding contacts, but also plays a significant role in tracing the virus. Now the layout of smart city makes the individual trip completely digitalized. It is easier to trace the source of infection through the analysis of cases, which is the power of technology.
Of course, in the face of the epidemic situation, the power of science and technology is far more than that. In the face of problems such as the inquiry and diagnosis of some patients caused by the shortage of medical personnel, science and technology also gave answers. "The whole genome sequence alignment", "intelligent epidemic robot", "customer service robot" and "voice robot" have been launched on-line. Intelligent technology online solves doubts for the public to answer questions, reduces the risk of virus "human transmission", and builds a new line of anti epidemic. All these are based on the application of new technologies and the comprehensive improvement of digital capabilities.
Zhejiang, a country with a relatively serious epidemic situation, relies on its accumulated digital capabilities and technological advantages over the years to expand its efforts in epidemic prevention and control. In view of the current difficult problem of diagnosis, Zhejiang CDC and Ali introduced the AI diagnostic technology of new coronavirus. In February 1st, the Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control (CDC) launched an automated genome wide testing and analysis platform. Using the AI algorithm developed by the hospital, the genetic analysis of suspected cases in the past few hours can be shortened to half an hour, greatly reducing the time of diagnosis, and accurately detecting the variation of the virus. There is no doubt that the problem of patient diagnosis will be greatly alleviated under the empowerment of technology.
Online inquiry intelligence has also played a huge role in blocking the epidemic. When winter and spring alternate, this is the time when a cold and flu break out, and the flu and flu also have some symptoms similar to that of the new crown pneumonia. This makes people blindly go to the hospital without knowing it. On the one hand, they increase the chance of cross infection, and on the other hand, they also increase the pressure of medical staff. Although online consultation avoids the cross infection of patients, it still can not solve the problem of shortage of manpower, and the emergence of intelligent robot provides a better solution to this problem.
Thanks to the development of big data technology, many cases of influenza, influenza and new crown pneumonia are imported into computers. By machine learning, the machine can solve most of the patients' problems accurately. Moreover, as data increases further, machines will become more intelligent and intelligent diagnostics will become more accurate. At present, many local governments have on-line intelligence inquiring on line. This will not only help to cope with the epidemic, but also form a trend of big data inquiry in the future, so as to relieve doctors' pressure and alleviate the contradiction between medical supply and demand.
In addition to these, epidemic inquiries, rumours, rumours, masks and daily protection are beginning to become intelligent. The use of machines instead of manpower can enable more professionals to invest in more urgent intensive care and overcome difficult areas, which were unthinkable 17 years ago when the SARS epidemic occurred. Therefore, improving the proactive and scientific nature of epidemic prevention and control and innovating the advantages of new technologies is a powerful weapon for tackling many difficulties in tackling critical problems.
On February 12th, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting to hear the central leading group responding to the new coronavirus infection pneumonia outbreak, analyzed the current situation of the new crown pneumonia epidemic situation, and studied and strengthened the epidemic prevention and control work. We believe that under the leadership of the party and the government, with the participation of all sectors of society and under the support of new technologies, with the support of thousands of people, we will be able to win and fight the epidemic prevention and control.