China is the largest cotton spinning producer in the world, and its cotton spinning capacity accounts for about half of the total scale of global cotton spinning. The domestic pure cotton yarn accounts for the largest proportion. According to Longzhong tracking and monitoring, pure cotton yarn production areas are widely distributed in China, mainly concentrated in Shandong, Xinjiang, Henan and Jiangsu. Shandong's pure cotton yarn production capacity accounts for 20.75% of the country's total, while Xinjiang, Henan and Jiangsu's pure cotton yarn production capacity accounts for more than 10% of the national level (see figure below). For example, Fujian, Hubei, Hebei, Zhejiang and other provinces also have many pure cotton yarn production enterprises. However, with the development of the industrial structure of the textile industry and the survival of the fittest in regional competition, the number of pure cotton yarn production enterprises in these regions has gradually decreased, and the number of leading scale yarn enterprises in the industry is very few.
Figure distribution of cotton yarn production capacity in China
According to the four regional distribution, we can see the following conclusions
Table distribution and industrial structure development of main cotton yarn producing areas in China
| province|| Main production areas|| product quality|| Problems within the industry|| Future development direction|
| Shandong|| Dezhou, Liaocheng, Heze, Weifang, Binzhou, Dongying, Jinan, etc|| diversification|| It is difficult to finance, increase the cost of production elements, difficult to recruit workers, serious homogenization of products, extrusion of imported yarn share and increase of chemical fiber substitution|| Medium and short term: survival of the fittest;|
Long term: increase of differentiated yarn; extend development with the help of industrial chain.
| Xinjiang|| Shihezi, Kuitun, Wusu, Shawan, Korla, Aksu, etc|| Most of them are middle and high grade|
| Henan|| Xinye, Nanyang, Wugang, Zhoukou, Kaifeng, etc|| diversification|
| Jiangsu|| Yancheng, Wuxi, Nantong, Suzhou, Zhangjiagang, etc|| Most of them are middle and high grade|
The main production areas of pure cotton yarn in Shandong are Dezhou, Liaocheng, Heze, Weifang, Binzhou, Dongying, Jinan and other areas, of which Dezhou, Liaocheng and Heze are the most concentrated. The scale and number of pure cotton yarn production enterprises in other areas are quite different from those in the three urban areas. In terms of product structure, Shandong pure cotton yarn presents a diversified situation, including medium and low count yarn, medium and low high-end yarn, rotor spinning, ring spinning, general carding yarn, combed yarn, combed compact spinning, combed compact spinning, combed compact spinning, etc., and formed a certain "product circle".
Xinjiang pure cotton yarn is mainly produced in Shihezi, Kuitun, Wusu, Shawan, Korla, Aksu, etc., which are mainly distributed in the main cotton areas. The products are mainly semi combed and combed yarn, that is, the pure cotton yarn is mainly medium and high-end yarn.
In terms of pure cotton yarn production in Nanyang and Nanyang, it is mainly concentrated in some areas such as Xinye and Nanyang.
Jiangsu pure cotton yarn is mainly produced in Yancheng, Wuxi, Nantong, Suzhou, Zhangjiagang and other regions, and its products focus on medium and high-end yarns. It belongs to the main area of textile printing and dyeing.
For a long time, the domestic pure cotton yarn industry has faced many problems, both internal and external problems. If integrated, there are mainly difficulties in financing, increasing production factor costs, difficult recruitment, serious homogenization of products, extrusion of imported yarn share, and increase of chemical fiber substitution. No matter which one of these problems is, it is difficult to solve them immediately. Some of them are accompanied by the development of the industry, and some are inevitable after the industry has experienced mature development.
In the future, the survival of the fittest is the most effective and inevitable development choice for enterprises in the industry. The small-scale yarn enterprises, whose products are mainly from the mainland and lack of market competitiveness, are bound to "flee" in the face of adversity. The integration and differential development of industry enterprises is the way out at present or in the future.