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The Price Fluctuation Of Cocoon Silk Affects All Parties.

2012/6/6 13:06:00 33

Cocoon Silk PriceSilk Market


Strategy: "East silk West shift" basically formed "East silk moving west" facing difficulties.

With the large number of Reeling Enterprises in the east moving to the west, the latest statistics in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Western China, show that 79 locally produced silk reeling enterprises and 29.3 reeling production scale have become one of the largest provinces in China's reeling production, which means that China's "East Si Xi shift" strategy has basically taken shape. But at present, "East silk moving westward" still faces many difficulties.

With the rising cost of land and labor in the coastal areas of Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, China began to implement the project of "shifting east to west" from the "11th Five-Year", and gradually spanferred the main cocoon producing area from the eastern part to the western region. The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region began to undertake this industry step by step. By 2005, local cocoon output ranked first in China and became the largest silkworm production base in China.

Since then, the reeling industry in the East has been shifting westward. In 2010, Guangxi's raw silk output reached a record high of 18 thousand and 200 tons, ranking first in the country for the first time. Annual sales of cocoon income, Cocoon filament The total output value of processing output and resource development and utilization exceeds 15 billion yuan. In 2012, there were 79 Reeling Enterprises in Guangxi, and the scale of filature was 29.3.

"At present, Guangxi's silk reeling is the leading position both in terms of production scale and production equipment in the whole country. strategy It can be said that it has basically taken shape. Liang Weijia, an engineer of the textile and industrial department of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region industrial and Information Commission, said.

However, as the largest silkworm production base in the country, there are not more than 10 enterprises in Guangxi. There are almost no printing and dyeing businesses. There is no mature trading platform, and the processing trade is simple. The weaving industry is only at the initial stage. The spanfer of weaving enterprises is the key link to develop downstream industries, but now faces many difficulties.

"The biggest difficulty is land and other ancillary services, which can not keep pace with the pace of industrial development. The development of silkworm industry is too fast, and the land resources provided by government departments can not meet the needs of production, which is a contradiction." Wei Jie, director of Yizhou silkworm office said. Yizhou is China's largest silkworm production base county (city), the industry is known as "the world silkworm to see China, China silkworm to see Guangxi, Guangxi silkworm to see Yizhou".

Lan Shusi, President of the Guangxi cocoon and silk industry association, said that weaving enterprises and printing and dyeing enterprises are also facing difficulties in their "westward shift".

Lan Shusi said that many silk weaving enterprises in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces tried to "move west". However, considering the spanfer of silks and satin to printing and dyeing in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces after the spanfer, the cost of enterprises would be greatly increased. Therefore, without the entry of printing and dyeing enterprises, the enterprises of silk fabrics would often be afraid. However, once the printing and dyeing enterprises were stationed, they could easily face the situation of less amount of satin and "insufficient food" and form a two phase constraint.

According to the insiders, it is the key period of China's "East silk moving westward". The current policy guidance will have a greater impact on the development of the latter industry. Xia Jun

   Quotation External demand is gloom over domestic demand.

The biggest difference between cocoons and other raw materials is that they can not be bought at any time and are very seasonal. Therefore, there are many uncertainties in cocoon silk industry. Is the cocoon silk industry flourishing this year, or is it depressing?

The analysis of the economic performance of the silk industry in the first quarter of 2012 showed that the total output value and sales value of silk industry began to decline from November 2011, and the growth rate decreased by 10.96 and 11.53 percentage points respectively compared with October last year. The export volume of major commodities decreased. The export volume of raw materials such as silk and silk fabrics decreased by 14.17% and 1.01% respectively, and the export volume of silk garments decreased by 9.46% compared with the same period last year. It is not difficult to see from these figures that the export volume of silk products has all declined, indicating that the opening of silk exports is rather severe in the first quarter. {page_break}

The external environment is gloom, Spain's banking industry is deteriorating rapidly, Greece's exit from the euro zone is deepening, the Central Bank of Brazil has cut interest rates, the US employment rate and home sales data are not ideal, Global trade is shrinking, trade protectionism is rising and so on, leading to a sharp fall in European and US stock markets and commodities. The difficulty of expanding exports of silk products is increasing, and cocoon silk has not been spared. The market has been in a prolonged downturn for a long time. At the same time, competition from the neighboring countries such as India, Thailand and Vietnam has intensified. In addition, the RMB will face greater pressure of appreciation, which will further weaken the traditional advantages of domestic cocoon silk products export prices.

On the whole, the domestic situation is full of joy and sorrow. The "joy" is that the further implementation of state policies to support "three rural issues" and expanding consumption will provide a solid foundation for development and a huge market space for the development of the cocoon and silk industry. Moreover, with the improvement of people's living standards, clothing materials will return to natural fibers such as silk and so on. The development direction of green and low carbon in cocoon and silk industry and the natural and comfortable characteristics of silk products will further satisfy the new consumption demand. The "worry" is that the domestic macro economy is facing structural adjustment, resources such as land and labor are strained, and the price of raw materials, energy and other production factors is rising, which directly restricts the cocoon and silk enterprises to become bigger and stronger, so that business operations are faced with new challenges.

For enterprises, "worry" is greater than "happiness". Sun Daoquan, vice chairman of Xinyuan group, said that the price of cocoons everywhere will prove that although the cocoon price will not drop sharply, with the rapid progress of urbanization, the planting area of sericulture will be relatively reduced, resulting in the aggravation of cocoon resources. At the same time, the relevant government departments have been paying attention to and paying attention to regulating the price of the industry. They will also take care of the interests of all sectors of agriculture, industry and trade. However, new textile products are emerging one after another. The appearance of various substitutes will make the market concern of traditional silk products relatively lower, resulting in a low silk price and no way to increase the price of cocoons.

Data: cocoon price and price rise in the market

In May 31st, Guangxi's cocoon price dropped and its price increased. GJ12061 fell 3800 yuan to 92000 yuan, 16 batches and 18 orders. Market instability, coupled with some cocoon station capital turnover difficulties, so began selling on the disk, locking risks, complete the withdrawal of funds. The surface of raw silk has been fully increased, SS12055 rose by 1800 yuan, and it received 315400 yuan; SS12093 contract rose 3800 yuan, and it received 307100 yuan, 126 batches and 774 orders. The SS13033 contract rose 5100 yuan to 310100 yuan, 110 batches and 418 orders.

Recently, the spring and cocoon in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces have been listed on the market. The purchase price is 30~32 yuan / kg, and the price of the second batch of spring cocoons is 32~35 yuan / kg in the northern Guangxi silkworm area of Yizhou, Guangxi. However, the cocoon collecting units are very cautious. Only factories or big cocoon stations dare to buy large quantities, and the industry is still afraid of the market. Guang Wen

Zhejiang: Chunan county opens the whole province to buy the first scale of spring cocoon.

In May 28th, Zhejiang Chunan County fenkou, ginger, Jieshou, Guo village and other eight cocoon stations first started buying spring cocoons, and all the silkworm farmers were carrying bamboo cocoons to the nearest cocoon station for sale.

Early in the morning, the Fen Kou central cocoon station began to crowd, and every household had to sell their newly harvested spring cocoons to the cocoon station for sale. Chunan county is the third largest Sericulture Area in Zhejiang province. Due to the methods of early silkworm egg production and technical guidance, the maturity period of silkworm cocoons in Chunan county is two or three days in general compared with other counties and cities in Zhejiang. In addition to the opening of the scale of fenkou, ginger, Guo village, Jieshou and other cocoon station, the remaining cocoon station will also gradually scale.

It is understood that this spring due to climate factors to bring some impact on the silkworm breeding. Chunan County adopted early silkworm eggs, strengthened sericultural knowledge training, popularized "ten days sericulture method", and door-to-door technical guidance, so as to effectively guarantee the yield and quality of spring cocoons this year. {page_break}

According to the director of fenkou central station, because of the 10 days sericulture method and special fertilizer were popularized, this year's output and quality are basically acceptable. From the current situation, the price is generally more than 2000 yuan per load.

On the first day, the purchase price of cocoon is 2030 yuan / Dan, which is much higher than that of last year's late autumn of 1864 yuan / Dan, which is the second highest price of spring cocoon history in Chunan county. Because training management is in place, the output of spring cocoons in Chunan county is generally above one hundred jin per piece, up to 130 Jin each.

In Cocoon acquisition, Chunan cocoon and silk company carries out scientific evaluation of the cocoon produced by farmers, and carries out all-round evaluation of cocoon moisture content to color, weight and so on. According to the quality, it gives farmers different sales prices and achieves fairness and rationality.

Since spring this year, Chunan county has set up 271 standard demonstration points, 10 thousand and 600 rearing silkworms, an increase of 30.6% over the same period last year, and 3608 households buying small silkworms, which further promoted the spanformation and upgrading of sericulture industry. At present, there are 19 thousand silkworm farmers raising silkworms in the county, 53 thousand and 700 silkworm eggs are released, and the output of spring cocoons is nearly 50 thousand, and the income of silkworm farmers is over 100 million yuan. (Zhe Wen)

Jiangsu: the spring cocoon purchase forum will be full of cocoon prices.

On May 24th, the spring Cocoon acquisition forum organized by the Jiangsu Provincial Department of Commerce and cocoon silk organization was held in Haian, Jiangsu. At the meeting, the head of the cocoon silk Office of the Jiangsu provincial business department attended the meeting, more than 30 people in charge of the Business Bureau of 4 prefecture level cities and 7 key counties in Jiangsu Province, and the leaders of Xinyuan, Min Xing, Fuan, Xinsi Road, Huahong, Sutong and other key leading enterprises. The meeting conveyed the spirit of the Symposium on Cocoon and silk industry in the whole country, and informed the production of cocoon and silk in Jiangsu Province, and focused on the exchange of this year's cocoon purchase and formed a consensus.

It is reported that 713 thousand silkworm eggs were produced in spring silkworm in Jiangsu Province, a decrease of 11% compared with the same period last year. However, due to the suitable climate of spring cocoon this year, sunshine and rain, the yield of mulberry leaves has increased by more than 10%. This spring cocoon purchase situation is relatively stable, cocoon price and silk price are declining, but the fluctuation will not be too big. Silk reeling enterprises are still very difficult. The reeling capacity of the whole province has been greatly reduced, the total amount of purchase and the total demand are basically balanced, and the cocoon dealers have declined, and the purchase order will be improved.

In the spring Cocoon acquisition strategy, the entrepreneurs attending the conference believed that the price of the spring cocoon purchase this year should ensure that the silkworm farmers could not dig mulberry, the silk mill processing could keep the capital, and the leading enterprises could guarantee the operation, so as to stabilize the important position of the province's cocoon and silk industry in the whole country. (Yao Jianzhou)

Chongqing: fresh cocoon purchase price guidance and publicity policy

In order to promote the healthy, stable and sustainable development of the cocoon silk market in Chongqing, the Chongqing Price Bureau and the Chongqing foreign trade and Economic Commission issued the guidance price for the acquisition of fresh cocoons in 2012.

Chongqing Price Bureau and Chongqing foreign trade and Economic Commission issued a notice in May 31st, saying that in 2012, the purchasing price of fresh silkworm cocoons in Chongqing continued to be guided by the government. The quasi price and floating range shall be formulated by the Municipal Price Bureau jointly with the Municipal Foreign Economic and Trade Commission, and the governments and other departments of counties, autonomous counties and cities shall not exceed their powers. In the fresh cocoon of silkworm, there is a quasi level (8.8 grams of dry shell, 98%). The purchase price is 28 yuan per kilogram, the difference is 1 yuan per kilogram, and the fluctuation range is controlled within 10%. The buyout companies must strictly enforce the document stipulates in the acquisition and implement the price according to the quality. At the same time, we should publicize the relevant policies at each purchase point, improve the spanparency of price policy, and accept the supervision of the society, relevant departments and public opinion.

The circular requires departments in charge of prices and cocoons and silk departments to strengthen the management of the purchasing price of cocoon cocoons. We should promptly handle the behaviors of pressing prices and damaging the interests of farmers in the process of cocoon purchase. We should promptly handle the situation of acquisition and price dynamics, strengthen information guidance, help sericulture farmers and enterprises correctly grasp market dynamics, and promote market equilibrium; we should actively cooperate with quality supervision departments to do well in the management of cocoon purchasing quality, and promote the unification of cocoon quality and purchase price, so as to achieve "quality based pricing, quality and high price".


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